Sergeant, Company "H" 11th West Virginia Infantry


James & Frances Josephine (Circle) Wood

Photo submitted Agnes Gardill, granddaughter.

     James Asbury Wood, the son of William Wood and Dorcas LeMasters, was born about 1840 in Wetzel County, (W) Virginia.

1850 Census, Wetzel County, (W) Virginia
William Wood, 34, Farmer, $600. b Penna.
Dorcas Wood, 30, b Penna.
Sarah Ann Wood, 12, b Va.
James Wood, 11. b Va.
Jacob Wood, 9, b Va.
Lemuell Wood, 7, b Va.
Hiram Wood, 4, b Va.
Nancy Woods, 1, b Va.

1860 Census, Knob Fork, Wetzel County, (W) Virginia
William Woods, 45, Farmer, $1200 Real Estate, $213 personal property
Dorcas Woods, 40
James A. Woods, 21
Isaac F. Woods, 18
Lemuel Woods, 15
Hiram B. Woods, 13
Nancy J. Woods, 11
Mary C. Woods, 9
Josephus Woods, 6
Dorcas E. Woods, 4
Martha E. Woods, 8

     James A. Wood, 21, enlisted 5 Sept 1861 at Belton, Marshall County, (W) Va. He originally served under Captain Lewis Smith, who was dismissed 14 Sep 1863. George W. Parriott was commissioned Captain of Company "H" on 12 Oct 1863 and served until his term expired 14 Nov 1864. The 11th Regiment mustered out 17 June 1865 but the recruits (including those who re-enlisted) were transferred briefly to the 10th Regiment and finally mustered out 9 Aug 1865.

     This account of his service was provided by Agnes Gardill, granddaughter:

     James A. Wood son of William and Dorcas (Lemasters) Wood, age 21, enlisted in the Union Army, Company H, 11th Regiment under Capt. Lewis Smith at Belton, [Marshall County] W. Va. on Sept 5, 1861 for 3 years.
     He enlisted for 3 more years DOCUMENT in January of 1864 and was mustered out in August of 1865 with the war being over. DOCUMENT
     The following was copied from James' pension records on file at the Dept. of Interior, Pension Division: The Muster Rolls of Company "H" of that Regiment, contain the following evidence of service: It is stated he was enrolled Sept 5, 1861 at Belton, Va. (W.Va.) for 3 years. He reinlisted as a Vet. Jan 4, 1865 for 3 years. Roll for September & October 1864 reports him absent in hospital, wounded at Wincheter, Va. October 19, 1864. He was in action at Winchester, Va. Sept. 19, 1864 & at Cedar Creek, Va. Regiment return for October 1864 reports him in hospital since October 19, 1864. Jan. & Feb. Present. He was transferred to Co. "H" 10th W.Va. Volunteers June 17, 1865 and was mustered out of service with that company as Sergt. August 9, 1865. DOCUMENT
     James was wounded in the thigh October 19, 1864 at Cedar Creek, Va. and was in a Baltimore, Md. hospital until the end of Dec.
     The 11th Infantry was organized from Oct. of 1861 to Oct. 1862. Its early service being the western part of W.Va., mainly on the line of the B & O in Wilkinson's Brigade, Kelley's Division, Eighth Army Corps. They spent so much time in the mountains they nicknamed themselves the "Mountain Creepers" or "Buzzards" because of the many forced marches they endured in the Alleghenies.

     In 1864, James A. Woods married Frances Josephine Circle in Mason County, West Virginia. She died and James A. married Ruhama Pyles about 1884, based on the 1900 census, at which time they said they had been married for 16 years.

1870 Census, West Columbia, Waggener Twp., Mason County, (W) Virginia
James Woods, 29, House Carpenter, b Va.
Francis Woods, 28, Keeping House, b Virginia
Wesly R., 2, b W. Va.

1880 Census, Liberty District, Marshall County, (W) Virginia
James A. Woods, 39-wm, carpenter, Va. Va.Va.
Josophene, 36-wf, keeping house, Va. Va. Va.
Wesley, 10-wm, at home, WVa. Va. Va
Albert, 8-wm, WVa. Va. Va
James, 4-wm, WVa. Va. Va
Josephas, 2-wm...WVa. Va. Va
Josophine F., 2 mos-wf, b May, WVa. Va. Va

1890 Census of Veterans and Widows - Wetzel County, W. Va.
James A. Wood, Corporal, Co. H., 11th W. Va. Infantry - 9/5/1861- ----; Endicott, Wetzel County. Disabilities incurred: Gunshot wound left thigh, sore eyes, lung trouble. - James A. Wood, Sergeant, Co. H. 10th W. Va. Infantry - discharged 8/9/1865.

1900 Census, Center District, Wetzel County, (W) Virginia
James A. Woods, Head, 59, b Dec 1840 carpenter, Married 16 years, W.Va. W.Va. W.Va.
Ruhama Wood, Wife, 47, b May 1853, 8 children/8 living, W. Va. Penna. W. Va.
Jacob Wood, Son, 15, b May 1885, b W.Va.
Mary M. Wood, Daughter, 12, b July 1887, b W.Va.
Elizabeth A. Wood, Daughter, 11, b March 1889, b W.Va.
Edith Wood, Daughter, 9, b Nov 1890, b W.Va.
Lester Wood, Son, 6, b Sept 1893, b W.Va.
Van Wood, Son, 4, b Sept 1895, b W.Va.
Sherman B. Wood, Son, 2, b Dec 1899, b W.Va.
Julia A. Pyles, Step Daughter, 24, b May 1876, b W.Va.

1910 Census, Center District, Wetzel County, (W) Virginia
James A. Wood, Head, 69, Married twice, House Carpenter, W.Va. W.Va. W.Va.
Ruhama Wood, Wife, 56, 8 children/6 living, W.Va. W.Va. W.Va.
Lizza A. Wood, Daughter, 21, Single, b W.Va.
Lester Wood, Son, 16, b W.Va.
Vandiver Wood, Son, 14, b W.Va.
Sherman Wood, Son, 12, b W.Va.
Bernard Wood, Grandson 6, b W. Va.

1920 Census, Center District, Wetzel County, (W) Virginia
James A. Wood, Head, 79, General Farmer, W.Va. W.Va. W.Va.
Rohema Wood, Wife, 66, W.Va. W.Va. W.Va.
Lizza A. Wood, Daughter, 21, Single, b W.Va.
Sherman Wood, Son, 22, b W.Va.
Elizabeth Daugherty, Daughter, 30, Widowed, b W.Va.
Sherwood Daugherty, Grandson, 8, b W.Va.
Eunice? Daugherty, Granddaughter, 6, b W.Va.
James M. Daugherty, Grandson, 2 yrs 8 mos, b W. Va.
Bernard Wood, Grandson, 15, b W. Va.
Ralph Wood, Grandson, 9, b W.Va.

     The veteran filed for a government pension 6 July 1876; awarded certificate #148.427. He died 16 Nov 1920 and is buried at Jolliffe Cemetery, Wetzel County. His widow filed for pension 29 Nov 1920 and received pension certificate 898.026.


Ruhama Pyles Wood, 2nd wife of James A. Wood.


Graves of James A. and Ruhama Wood at Jolliffe Cemetery, Wetzel County.

Photos provided by Agnes Gardill, granddaughter.


Unknown paper - Soldier died 16 Nov 1920



J. A. Wood died Tuesday at his home at Silver Hill [Wetzel County, W. Va.]. - Mr. Wood suffered at paralytic stroke several days ago and never recovered from it. He was almost 80 years of age and leaves his wife and ten children to survive him. - The deceased was in the Civil war for three years, eleven months and eight days. He was a carpenter in his early days but followed farming as an occupation. He spent his life at Endicott. Mrs. Andy Clark of Center street, this city, is a daughter. Mr. Wood was well known in this city. - The funeral was held at the home Thursday. Interment in the Jolliffe cemetery. [Obit submitted by Joseph D. Parriott; typed by Linda Fluharty.]

Some research & webpage by Linda Cunningham Fluharty.